While diving off the southern coast of Japan, scuba diving photographer Yoji Ookata discovered rippling geometric sand patterns nearly six feet in diameter almost 80 feet below sea level. After returning with the crew from the nature program NHK, they discovered that the rings were actually being created by a small puffer fish, which uses the rings to pitch woo to potential mates and to protect the eggs (which are laid in the center) from ocean currents.
High Definite/Stuff That’s Interesting
As told by The New York Times:
Inspired by “A History of the World in 100 Objects,” the British Museum’s BBC radio series and book, we recruited historians and museum curators to identify 50 objects that could embody the narrative of New York.
Stanford biologists H. Craig Heller and Dennis Grahn have created a device that rapidly cools body temperature, which dramatically improves exercise recovery and performance.
Even in prototype form, the researchers’ device proved enormously efficient at altering body temperature. The glove’s early successes were actually in increasing the core temperature of surgery patients recovering from anesthesia.
“We built a silly device, took it over to the recovery room and, lo and behold, it worked beyond our wildest imaginations,” Heller explained. “Whereas it was taking them hours to re-warm patients coming into the recovery room, we were doing it in eight, nine minutes.”
But the glove’s effects on athletic performance didn’t become apparent until the researchers began using the glove to cool a member of the lab – the confessed “gym rat” and frequent coauthor Vinh Cao – between sets of pull-ups. The glove seemed to nearly erase his muscle fatigue; after multiple rounds, cooling allowed him to do just as many pull-ups as he did the first time around. So the researchers started cooling him after every other set of pull-ups.
“Then in the next six weeks he went from doing 180 pull-ups total to over 620,” said Heller. “That was a rate of physical performance improvement that was just unprecedented.”
The researchers applied the cooling method to other types of exercise – bench press, running, cycling. In every case, rates of gain in recovery were dramatic, without any evidence of the body being damaged by overwork – hence the “better than steroids” claim. Versions of the glove have since been adopted by the Stanford football and track and field teams, as well as other college athletics programs, the San Francisco 49ers, the Oakland Raiders and Manchester United soccer club.
A drink that looks like an astronomical work of art under a black light, from The Campus Companion:
WHAT YOU NEED
2 liters Gin or Vodka
9 Liters Tonic Water
3-4 Bottles Roses Mojito Passion, OR 3-4 Canisters of Pink-Lemonade Concentrate
Mix all ingredients together shortly before the party begins.
Add ice as late as possible before drinking.
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Want an excuse to sleep on the job? Take these scientific tips on “Power-Naps” to get the most energy out of your day, while remaining productive and non-reliant of caffeine. If done properly, naps can change your life!
Physicists working at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider said Wednesday that they had discovered a new subatomic particle that looks for all the world like the Higgs boson, a potential key to an understanding of why elementary particles have mass and indeed to the existence of diversity and life in the universe.
Dr. Heuer and others said that it was too soon to know for sure whether the new particle, which weighs in at 125 billion electron volts, one of the heaviest subatomic particles yet, fits the simplest description given by the Standard Model, the theory that has ruled physics for the last half-century, or whether it is an impostor, a single particle or even the first of many particles yet to be discovered. The latter possibilities are particularly exciting to physicists since they could point the way to new deeper ideas, beyond the Standard Model, about the nature of reality. For now, some physicists are calling it a “Higgslike” particle.
When asked about the discovery, Peter Higgs (who first predicted the particle’s existence almost 50 years ago) replied, “I had no expectation that I would still be alive when it happened. It is very satisfying. For me personally it’s just the confirmation of something I did 48 years ago.”
A grad student who was present at the announcement has started an “Ask Me Anything” on Reddit.